Shamrock Kennels

Breeders of English Jack Russell Terriers

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Jack Russell Puppies
 

Vaccination Details at Dr. Charles Loops, DVM, Homeopathic Veterinarian

Your Jack Russell Puppy's Operating Instructions

Compliments of Fawn Pierre

Oh, Joy! All the behaviors you are experiencing are normal for a puppy. All the "problems" you are experience are all solved through management, reinforcement of the behaviors you like, and instructive reprimands (time out's --withdrawing attention) of those you dislike-100% of the time. Yes, 100% of the time. Therefore, constant supervision and consistency are paramount! Remember that every waking moment she is learning and being trained, equally important, keep in mind she is a BABY. Treat her the same you would a toddler. Look on the bright side…you can crate your Jack Russell puppy when you want to go to a movie or out to dinner…you can't do that with a toddler. Remember to always be attentive to what you are reinforcing. Your puppy is a lucky. She has you. Your positive attitude is what every dog (and dog trainer) hopes for. I look forward to seeing and helping your relationship develop.

Things to think about:

  • Make sure that you provide her with sufficient exercise and mental stimulation-4 walks per day, walks/rides to all destinations, the dog park, the market, play at home, stuffed Kong, tricky treat ball or busy buddy and request compliance training.
     

  • The next few months of training are incredibly important and will define the parameters of the relationship. Your puppy is being trained 24 hours a day. The one big mistake we make with dogs is believing that they understands when we are not proactively training. She is being trained from the moment she wakes up to the moment she falls asleep…So this is the most important time in her life. You are teaching her what the next 15 years or so is going to be like. Think about what her life will look like in a year and prepare her for it now. You may want to sit down and think about that and the house rules for your puppy. A few of the questions to think about are:

  • When the friends come over how much time will they spend with your puppy? One hour, 30 minutes? (Remember she will not be a puppy for long, the small and cute factor disappears quickly)

  • How much time will you spend with your puppy during the day? Is it possible that your life may change? (yes it IS possible) Make sure you teach her to be alone.

  • Where will she be when you are eating dinner? Under the table? In her crate? What about when friends visit? Or when you bring her to family/friends houses? Remember you want her to be welcome wherever you go. Prepare her for different scenario's that may occur. (I vote for the crate and as she matures onto her comfy bed) When and where will she be given leftovers from dinner? When given leftovers, remember to subtract that amount from her daily ration

  • What sort of interactions/activities will you engage in with your puppy? Will you take her on walks on errands everyday? Or a few times a week? Remember life is uncertain and you want to prepare her for the road ahead.

  • Will she stay home for more than 5 hours some days? (See home alone training)

These are just a few. Keep in mind you are setting the precedent for the rest of her life.

We can go over some of these together and decide the best way to systematically train and prepare her for real life.

Basic Doggie Courtesy Real Life Training

When possible take her with you on your daily errands-a walk to the nearest café, market, and/or other stores as often as possible. In the car intermittently reward her with a piece of her kibble or other yummy treat. On walks and around the house practice sits and downs. Remember to bring along her kibble and treats, as she will be distracted with the wonderful world in front of her. Practice training at home, keeping the training sessions short and sweet. Keep her attention by praising effusively and being as animated as possible.

When meeting people both at the house and out and about practice a sit, or a simple stand on all fours while getting attention. Every once in a while crate her when people come over. This will prepare her for the occasion when a visitor is not thrilled at meeting your soon to be dog…go figure! Most likely she will be so excited to see a new person, sitting or staying in the crate will be the LAST thing on her mind. Keep a stash of rare and never before seen chewies. When the visitors enter the house: Kennel up (or whatever word you choose), present the chewy, and lure your puppy into the crate.

I would recommend doing this often when people come over and for no reason at all. You can take her out in five minutes or so subsequently taking the chewy away and then introduce her to the new person. For puppies happiness to see someone is expressed through jumping up, giving a lick and a nip and possibly a chase…Your puppy has no idea that for the human species, this is not a basic greeting procedure practice. It will take some effort but through persistence and management, soon she will learn the proper way to say hello. This will also teach her to settle down when people visit. This is real life training and cannot be underestimated.

Home Alone Training

Being Alone is not natural for dogs. If you ever plan to leave Your puppy home alone you must begin training alone time while you are home. Remember NEVER; EVER leave her unattended while she is free in the house… Start with short sessions in the crate with a stuffed Kong.

Your puppy is lucky as there so many opportunities for her to accompany you during the day. Continue to bring her with you when convenient. Leaving her home for short periods during the day is also important, as this will teach her to be comfortable staying home alone. Otherwise, while at home when you cannot supervise her intermittently leave her in the x-pen area. This will ensure that she does not have to follow you EVERYWHERE when you are home. It's nice having her follow you everywhere, but you don't want her doing that forever (it gets old fast when she is 3 years old and still following you every time you go to the bathroom, get a drink from the kitchen, wash your hands, answer the phone…you get the idea). Ideal times to crate Your puppy are endless… While watching TV. Paying bills, talking on the phone, eating dinner etc…Having her in the crate while you are home allows her to experience short absences, instead of one long scary one.

Housebreaking

Location, location, location!
Any accidents Your puppy has had are a matter of being in the wrong place at the right time. Dogs are naturally clean animals: given a choice, they will urinate and defecate away from their sleeping and eating areas. However, it is not obvious to puppies that carpets and floors are inappropriate elimination sites. They must by systematically taught to discriminate indoors vs. outdoors and to exclusively use the latter. The key to house-training is getting a solid history of rewarded trials in the desired area.

Make sure you establish a reward history for Your puppy by taking her out to the same place on leash at frequent intervals and rewarding with exuberant praise and a treat when she has eliminated. A small area outside is the best spot. Keep a container of treats in the area so that you can immediately reward her for elimination in that area. There must be a training effect with an immediate reward, as you will later be reprimanding for any elimination inside the house-- you don't want her to associate that with you. The dozens upon dozens of times you have rewarded her for going in front of you while outside will make later reprimands easier to interpret. You can also reward her with a walk and a play session either with a toy, or with you. When she puts the connection together, you will notice that she will eliminate more quickly. These are the laws of learning in action, and dogs are loyal to them. By no means should you reprimand after the fact. Puppies must have immediate (within 1 second) consequences (reward or reprimand)

Focus on providing immediate consequences for Your puppy. Avoid accidents inside at ALL COSTS. Every accident inside is one you could not reward outside, you catch inside and must reprimanded which sets you up as the bad guy, And one you failed to catch inside which gets the habit rolling. When you have established a strong reward history, you may now reprimand for any mistakes indoors while you are present. If there is a mistake, you must catch it in the act. Any later and you could be reprimanding something else. Say Your puppy pees then takes a few steps and sits down and you reprimand, guess what you just reprimanded--sitting. ! Be extra conscious of what you are reinforcing and what you are reprimanding!


If you have done a good job at rewarding outside elimination, it will take between one and three reprimands to finish the job. That is if you catch three in a row. Big mistake, if you catch one, miss one, catch one, etc…housebreaking will become a protracted process.

The Potty Training Procedure

Housebreaking laws...keep this page handy. Make sure you have treats on you when you take her out to pee.
Buy a leash that you can leave on her while she is not confined to the crate. Decide precisely where her bathroom will be in the yard. Bring her directly to that spot. Go there regularly: first thing in the morning, last thing before bed, 10 to 20 minutes after meals and water, each and every time she comes out of her confinement, and frequently (every five minutes or so) during playtime. Cheer Your puppy and reward the moment she goes in the appropriate place. Cheer and reward at the right moment, Cheer and reward at the right moment, Cheer and reward at the right moment. Confine to one room: never, ever give her access to more than the kitchen or easily cleaned area
Pick up food and water-do not allow free access to food and water. This is the key. If you control "in-put' you are better able to predict "output" Supervise whenever she's uncrated, especially if she's "full". If you must take your eyes off her, even for a minute, crate her or bring her with you. Interrupt mistakes immediately with a fast verbal reprimand. Catch her as she starts to go, not afterwards. After interrupting her, hustles her outside to the bathroom area: praise if she finishes there. Then clean up the indoor mess Never punish late: if she made the mistake 1 second prior, you are too late. You must catch her in the act to reprimand effectively Catch her in the act of doing it right: follow these rules so you can be the good guy most of the time.

Mouthing Exercises!

Your puppy's life depends on a soft mouth!
As you have experienced a puppy is simply a vehicle for a mouth! Puppies are programmed to bite. In a litter of puppies they bite each other continuously. But when one bites the other too hard, the bitten puppy will yelp and stop playing. This is how they learn to inhibit their force of bites. Probably one of the most important things you must teach Your puppy is to have a soft mouth…if you forbid Your puppy from biting before she has a consistently soft mouth she may grow up not having the appropriate bite inhibition. The best technique for hard bites is to remove the thing that your puppy wants most…YOU! First set yourself up in the long-term confinement area or other are that you can leave quickly. As soon as you feel a hard bite dramatically yelp OUCH! and remove yourself from the pup's presence either by leaving the Your puppy-proofed area or putting her into it for a penalty of 10 to 20 seconds. After the penalty phase is over, resume where you left off without a grudge. Expect to repeat the process four or ten times before seeing a change in behavior. The important thing here is the pup learns that there is an immediate consequence for the hard bite: Being without a playmate and ALONE! Repeat several times.

Handling Exercises

This is a great couch potato exercise!
Even though Your puppy does not seem to have any handling problems with the family, I suggest you practice handling her all over at different times of the day during different activities. such as during play, while she is sleeping, eating and chewing. Touch Your puppy all over. If you find a sensitive place, proceed slowly with yummy treats. Touch followed by (not at the same time) a treat until she is begging for more. The key is to work slowly, and if you even suspect Your puppy is a little intimidated or uneasy, go right back to square and this time, work even slower. Have friends practice collar grabs and light body grabs. remind me to as people to do this in class with Your puppy!

Food Bowl and Object Exchanges

A high priority!
Many dogs are possessive of their food bowls (money) and valued objects (diamonds, luxury items). It is your job to teach her to like and feel confident about having people around. So for the meantime, never let your Your puppy eat alone. Sit with Your puppy while she eats his meals. Even better feed her in installments.
Measure out her food and every few seconds or throughout the day approach and put a handful inside, while she is eating practice some handling, pick up the food bowl and put it back down with a special bonus inside: some wet food, a tasty treat, a piece of food, some leftovers, anything nutritious and good. When Your puppy has her Kong or a chew toy say give or drop it, take the toy, then give a treat, and then give the object back.

Effective use of Time outs

Or Reward Removal/Reprimands
Time outs (TO) teach the puppy that certain behaviors result in an abrupt and annoying temporary loss of social contact and control over the situation. You will be removing Your puppy from reinforcing (things she seems to be really fond of doing) situations. It is simply the loss of what Your puppy wants most now. It could be chewing on you, a ball, a food treat etc. The important factor of a "time out" is its immediate delivery. If you are playing with Your puppy and she jumps up or nick's your fingers to get at the toy then you must give her the immediate consequence -put the toy away, eat the treat yourself (if using something you would like to eat, of course ), leave the room, etc. We decided that the x-pen is a good time out area. You can also use a bathroom or other area that is puppy proofed.

Time Outs or Reward Removal

Make sure that you correctly identify and mark the inappropriate behavior:
You catch Your puppy doing something you don't like
Tell her "wrong!" Or "enough," TOO BAD" whatever-- followed by a dramatic verbal bridge of displease ("ok, that's it! I'm outa here DOODLE HEAD! You have crossed the line!") Repeating your make believe horror until you have arrived at the time out location which should take no more than 3 seconds until you can either leave the room or place her on a (TO)
Wait 10 + seconds or so
After the penalty phase is over, resume where you left off without a grudge. Go back to her and in your most happy, wiggly-giggly voice start playing (or what ever she was doing before the timeout commenced) again. The important thing is that Your puppy's learns that there is an immediate consequence for her actions. Being without a playmate and ALONE!
Repeat several times or until you notice a marked difference in the behavior.
More important, don't neglect Your puppy's good behavior --playing properly with you and her toys, settling down, greeting you with all four paws on the ground, remaining quiet in the crate, etc, Praise her effusively for these things most of the time and instructively reprimand unacceptable behavior. sit exercises

Every waking moment Your puppy is learning what works and what does not work in her world. It is an amazing time of discovery for her (and you). If left to her own devices she will make her own choices. Now is the only time that you can easily teach what you will accept and what you will not accept. Later unacceptable behaviors are habits, and we know how hard habits are to break as adults.

Your puppy's To Do's!

From just a few feet away Say " Your puppy, Come! " (if she does not begin to approach run up to her and lure her towards you with a treat)
While saying "goooood dog, goooood Yeah!!!!" cheer Your puppy every step of the way
As soon as s/he reaches you, grab collar,
Now give the treat. Take another step back, "Come". Repeat taking a few more steps back each time.
Other ways to practice
Practice recalls with two people standing 6 feet apart. call your puppy between the two of you.
In the house, call your puppy from another room.
How to teach Your puppy NOT to come
Call her to you when:
She is playing in the park and you want to leave.
From other dogs,
Sniffing in the yard (in short don't call her from having a good time.
Never call Your puppy to you to do something unpleasant, like clipping nails, cleaning ears, isolation...BIG MISTAKES.
Please, Please, Please, Please, Please, DON"T LIE. Simply go get her for these things.

Handling
Throughout the day lightly grab her by the collar or by a body part, praise and then give a treat or throw a favorite toy. Touch Your puppy all over. If you find a sensitive place, proceed slowly with yummy treats. Touch followed by (not simultaneously) a treat until she is begging for more. The key is to work slowly, and if you even suspect she is a little intimidated or uneasy, go right back to square and this time, work even more slowly.
Practice collar grabs and body grabs throughout the day. Remember to follow the body grabs with praise and a treat.

Following and Hiding
Fun Game...
Actively ask Your puppy to follow you with a mighty "LeT'S gO" as you are walking quickly in one direction; then exclaim 1) "this way!" and change your direction. If Your puppy begins to turn left then you must automatically go right. Whatever your puppies direction, do the opposite. If she is going slow then speed up, and vice versa!
Her following abilities can be substantially improved by hiding each time she either gets too far ahead or preoccupied behind. You are teaching her to keep at least on ear, eye or nostril on you all the time.
In short
Say "LeT'S gO"! and walk quickly in one direction
Say "This way"! then change direction

Chase Game... DOGS LOVE THIS.
Remember to practice LOTS OF SITS AND DOWNS while playing this game.

Begin by saying "Oh My!" Or some other exclamation that signifies the game is underway.
Now run from Your puppy…arms flailing, screeching with joy.
Next signal Your puppy that the chase direction is about to change "I'mmm gonna get you" and chase her"
Repeat.

Remember to let Your puppy know consistently with the appropriate cues and in order:
Verbal … "I'm gonna get you", or whatever you choose
Action …the act of changing direction
Always make sure you control the game and not the other way around.
Practice lots of sits and downs during this game!
Sit, down and Stand
Practice these various positions throughout the day for various life rewards.
Concept of life rewards

(THIS IS KEY, important, critical, vital, significant)
make Your puppy work for life rewards through request compliance. In a puppies world the reinforcements are endless! You, food, other dogs, people, smells, grass, play, toys, and on and on and on! From now on, ask Your puppy to sit or lie down before and during all enjoyable activities. This is her way of saying "please and thank you"! This is basic doggy courtesy and it is your way of communicating that you are a BIG part of the fun and not an obstacle to the fun.

Take it and Leave it and Gently

Offer Your puppy a food treat with a cheerful "take it" repeat several times…"take it, take it, take it," now in a closed hand or between two fingers say "leave it"…Now WAIT...and wait, and wait, until Your puppy withdraws her muzzle or looks away on her own. Do not repeat the command; simply wait for it to happen. Eventually she will withdraw, when she does say "take it" and offer the food treat.
Remember warm your dog up by doing several "take its", then ask for a "leave it", or "don't touch" and simply wait until you get a split second of the dog withdrawing its muzzle from your hand. As soon as she breaks contact say "Take it"...you are on your way!!!!

Jumping Up and Off

Begin by praising Your puppy effusively for all four paws on the ground. As soon as she begins to jump up say "off" and then FREEZE... not a peep from you until she is once again all 4 on the floor. Immediately praise like crazy--after several repetitions you can begin clap, flail your arms in short THROW A PARTY FOR Your Jack Russell puppy BECAUSE she has ALL 4 PAWS ON THE FLOOR!
Repeat at least 10 times a day.

Have Fun! Puppies are the best

Copy write @ Fawn Pierre
 

 

Shamrock Kennels
English Jack Russell Terrier Breeder
 

If you are interested in a Jack Russell puppy please fill out this short form. Once we receive this form we will contact you.

Fred and Kathy Rowlette
Tel.# (207) 437-2034
Shamrock EJRT Kennel
Albion, Maine

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